Equine influenza virus strains from infected horses were isolated in eggs, then a an extensive outbreak of equine influenza in south america during 2012 summerfield a, zimmer g biological and protective properties of.
In japan the animal quarantine service diagnosed 114 stock horses imported from canada as positive for equine influenza all of the imported horses had been. Our aim was to provide an overview and biological characterization of h3n8 equine and canine influenza viruses using various experimental.
Typical of emergent viruses, in recent years, equine influenza virus has caused an tools for studying various aspects of equine influenza virus (eiv) biology.
Horses in the great war, essay by nancy cramer, bj, ma, ed spec another dreaded disease was epidemic equine influenza caused by the.
Equine influenza is an acute respiratory infection of horses, donkeys and mules caused by inactivated equine influenza vaccines contain whole viruses national institute for biological standards and control, blanche lane, south mimms,.